Instrumentos Tradicionales Ibéricos Instrumentos Tradicionales Ibéricos

These instruments are those that produce the sound due to the material with which they are built.

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Sonaja: It is a percussion instrument used to accompany the dance and some folk songs. The sound takes place when colliding among if a series of clipped circles of tin that are in turn crossed by tense wires and subject to a wing or wooden fork. It can be in the whole Peninsula in diverse variants .





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Castañuelas: Possibly one of the most extended and well-known instruments in the peninsula. It sound takes place when two wooden concave and hollowed pieces tied with a rope to the hands collide. They are played with both hands. There are many sizes of them, from the "pitos" of León and Zamora, with the size of the thumb, until the big "chácaras" of La Gomera, in Canarias. In the picture, two models from the north of Cáceres, the one of above is from Plasencia, very figured and the one of below is from Montehermoso, more rustic, carried out to knife tip .



Tejoletas o palillos: This percussion instrument consists of two independent splints in hard wood, plane stone or tile that makes sound placing them among the fingers of a hand and applying doll's movement so that it peals. Many types of rhythms can be gotten. Extended by the whole peninsula. In Galicia people knows them by the name of "tarrañolas ".


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Arrabel: Also called "ginebra" or "huesera", in the case of being formed by bones. Made with a group of canes, sticks or bones tied to each other. It is played getting tied up them to the neck and rubbing them with a castanet. Their use is common in the whole Iberian peninsula. In Colmenar de Oreja (Madrid) it is accompanied of the "zambomba" to sing folk songs in the streets .



Carajillo: Although it is an infantile musical toy, there are bigger wooden copies to accompany other instruments as percussion ones. That of the picture is made with a nut and a cane piece fixed to this with a gnarled rope by way of jetty. When pressing the cane and to return to their original position it sounds. Common in the center of the peninsula.


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Birimbao: Also called "guimbarda", it is an instrument used in the rest of Europe and other areas of the world, and in the Iberian peninsula it was very normal to find him in Galicia. The sound takes place putting the instrument in contact with the teeth and the metallic reed generates the sound with its vibration pulsing it. Then, the vibrations can be modulated in the buccal cavity. It can give a bass pedal note and others ones that go conforming the melody .



Almirez: Without being a musical instrument, it is an object that hit rhythmically in the bottom and the lateral ones is used to accompany the song in improvised meetings. It is an example of work utils' adaptation to musical uses. In a same way they have always been used pans, boilers, lids, keys, scythes, hoes and a long one etc., in definitive, all that was able to make noise and people had by hand, without having to spend money -that there was not - in musical instruments .




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Sartén: The same as the previous one, sometimes rubbing the handle with a key, other times hitting the bottom with a tablespoon and in other cases hitting it with a tablespoon and a thimble each one in one hand -as Peñaparda's style, in the county of Salamanca - this instrument is used in home meetings to the fire of the kitchen. Of this way, we can speak of a rubbed idiophone or a hit one, according to the use of it. I can't say that there are a certain area of development, because it is for sure that when having it so by hand it has been used in all the peninsula.



Cántaro: And we continue with instruments that are not instruments... Also of bringing the water from the source, it was used to play it like a percussion instrument hitting the upper side with a canvas shoe, originating a hollow and resonant sound inside the recipient. It is a hit idiophone. It can be played blowing in the interior of the pitcher.