Instrumentos Tradicionales Ibéricos Instrumentos Tradicionales Ibéricos

These instruments are those that produce the sound due to the vibration of a tense membrane. They can be struck, rubbed, and blown.

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Pandereta: Be maybe, together with the guitar, the better known instrument of all. It is a wooden circular wing with rattles in even, and covered by one of the sides with a tense skin. Is  a struck membranophone. Along the whole peninsula there are a lot of players of this instrument, mainly among the women.


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Pandero cuadrado: It is another struck membranophon. It consists of a wooden square wing covered by both sides of tense skin and in occasions stuffed with foils, seeds, etc... to give a staff sound. It is played with the fingers, the hands or the fists and in occasions, like in Peñaparda (Salamanca), with a stick and the hand at the same time. It is common mainly of the Cantabrian cornice -Asturias, Galicia, León - and Portugal. In the picture, there is a Portuguese "adufe" from the town of Monsanto.



Tamboril: Hit membranophone, it consists of two skin wings in the ends of its wooden cylindrical body. It also has a system of strings for to tighten that skins and a fine cord in contact with the back skin -bordón - that enhances the sound with it vibration. It is played with one "porra" (stick) jointly with the three holes pipe in all their varieties. It changes the size depending on the geographical area. In the photograph there is a model from the north of Cáceres.



REDOBLANTE   Escucha como suena en RealAudio

Caja o redoblante: It is another hit membranophone. It consists of a metallic plane cylinder (of about 10 cm of height) recovered in their two bases by two patches of plastic tightened with some screws. In the inferior patch they notice some metallic strings that vibrates. In the old ones they were made in gut or guitar strings. It is played with two sticks and it usually accompanies to the "dulzainas" or bagpipes. At the moment the models that are used are battery type, being seen very few autochthonous models. In some areas it was denominated "tambora", for opposition to the bass sound of the "tamboril" .



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Zambomba: Rubbed membranophone. Composed by a bottomless lengthened recipient, like a can, a pitcher, etc... on whose upper side prepares a tense skin to which unites in the center a cane. Rubbed with the humid hand it causes a vibration that is amplified in the recipient. It is used in the whole peninsula. Although in most of the cases it is relegated to the Christmas time, in some areas it accompanies the folk songs like an instrument more, like in Colmenar de Oreja (Madrid) where it is inseparable of the "arrabel" or in the county of Salamanca or areas of Andalusia. In Portugal it is denominated "sarronca ".